Electric vehicle EV: Charging Guide, How to use EV Charger?

What are the charging levels, How to use Electric vehicle EV charger, Procedure to install ev charger at home?

There are three levels of charging your vehicle in the EV world right now, based on varying speed and power. It starts with the slowest charging at Level 1 and works its way up.

Whether you want to charge your electric vehicle at home, work, or a public station, one thing is critical: the charging station’s outlet must match the outlet on your car.

EV charger is classified into 3 categories:

1. Level 1

Level 1 chargers, like standard home plugs, use a regular 110-V outlet to charge a vehicle battery, but it takes a long time. Few of them as a way to get charging stations into older apartment buildings., allowing residents to drive 30 to 40 miles (50 to 65 kilometres) on an overnight charge. standard North American electrical outlet.

Power delievery: 1-1.4 kW

Range : 3-5 miles

time taken to achieve full charge : 8 to 12 hours

Location: North America

Connectors Used : J1772, Tesla

2. Level 2

Level 2 charging is significantly faster. These are the most common types of chargers found at public charging stations. These 220-240V plugs typically provide around 40 amps and are most commonly found in homes. Consider this charger to be the equivalent of a dryer or other large appliance. Many EV manufacturers recommend that owners install a Level 2 charger in their home or garage if possible. They can charge an EV in about five hours and are used in both residential and commercial settings such as shopping malls and parking garages.

Power delivery: 208/240V

Range : 25 miles per hour

Time taken to achieve full charge: 4 to 5 hours

Location: North America

Connectors Used: SAE J1772 and EV

3. Level 3

It is also known as DC Fast Charger.These Level 3 chargers avoid the alternating current (AC) methods mentioned above in favour of obtaining mainline power directly from the grid. A Level 3 charger can fully charge your EV in 20 to 30 minutes, depending on the power available. This type of charging is ideal for roadside stops or retail locations where you won’t be parked for long and need to get back on the road.

Power delivery: 50 kW and 350 kW power

Range : 3 to 20 miles per minute

Time taken to achieve full charge: 80% in 30 minutes.

Location: United States and Canada

Connectors Used: CHAdeMO and SAE Combo

Type of Connectors used in electric vehicle

AC Connectors

The first electric vehicles, such as the General Motors EV1, used an inductive charging connection, which transmitted current via electromagnetic induction.

J1772 – Type 1

It’s a square plug called J1772 was introduced in California, in 2001, but it could only produce 6.6 kW, so in 2008 Yazaki designed a new plug with a power range of 19.2 kW, which has been the standard for all the American vehicles since 2010. Because it is common for all drivers of electric vehicles to carry around their own cable, there is no problem charging at any AC station. Electric cars in Europe also had this type of connector Originally,, so many older or hybrid cars are still equipped with Type 1. Type 1 is basically used in North America and Asia.

Mennekes – Type 2

Until major European automakers began looking for a new solution that could take advantage of all three phases, European cars used the Type 1 connector. Type 2 which was established in 2003 with a New IEC 62196 specifications, on which the Type 2 “mennekes” plug was manufactured, and it quickly became the new European standard. Because both types of plugs (types 1 and 2) communicate using the same J1772 signaling protocol, car manufacturers can build vehicles in the same way and only install the type of plug that corresponds to the market where the car will be sold at the end. The Type 2 plug which is also found on Tesla Model S and Model X models and its sold in Europe.

DC Connectors

DC charging allows the car to be charged much more quickly than AC charging. the most common charging stations are 50 kWh, but 150 kWh stations are already appearing, and 270 kWh and 350 kWh chargers are on the horizon, reflecting the ongoing need to develop more efficient connectors.

CCS (Combined Charging System)

 Type 1 and Type 2

CCS, or combined charging system, is a stunningly beautiful solution for fast DC charging. These are the original plugs, either Type 1 or Type 2, with two additional pins at the bottom. DC charging, these two lower pins participate in the charging process, while only the communication pin and the earth conductor, which serves as a reference point for the protection systems, are used from the upper part.

It is the most common type of DC connector at the moment. Type 1 CCS is widely used in the United States, whereas Type 2 CCS is used in Europe. Efforts by the European Parliament to phase out only CCS 2 and other plugs in Europe were unsuccessful, but this standard remains dominant, owing primarily to the car’s single socket. The car must always have two sockets when using the CHAdeMO connector.

CCS are incompatible with the two other CHAdeMO and GB / T charging stations.They use different communication protocols, which is significant the use of special adapters that are difficult to obtain.

CHAdeMO 

This quick charging system, developed in Japan, allows for extremely high charging capacities as well as bidirectional charging. Asian automakers are pioneering the development of electric vehicles that can be charged with a CHAdeMO plug. It Can charge up to 100 kW. The CHAdeMO connector is still widely used in Japan and on Japanese-made EVs. Toyota, Mitsubishi, Subaru, and Nissan are among the automakers included.

Benefits of fast electric vehicle charger

  1. (Fast charging) makes use of DC charging. The voltage of this DC charging is typically greater than the voltage of the battery.
  2. A rectifier device is required to convert AC power to DC power.
  3. It has stricter requirements for voltage resistance and power battery pack protection.
  4. The charging current is large, tens or even dozens of times greater than the conventional charging current.

Benefits of Slow electric vehicle charger

  1. Low-voltage chargers are arguably the simplest and most convenient way to charge your EV.
  2. Slow charging is ideal for use at home, and it is also the type of charging point that is commonly found in workplaces.
  3. Most EVs come with a charging cable that plugs into a standard wall outlet and has a charging rate of 3kW.

Procedure to install EV charger at home?

First step is to find an electrician for installation.

  1. Try to check with your municipality or Technical Safety BC to see in case, if your home qualifies for the installation of a charger.
  2. see if you have enough electricity in your home to support an EV charger.
  3. Check to see if there is enough room on your electrical panel for an EV charger circuit breaker. If not, you’ll need to hire an electrician.
  4. Select and buy an EV charger. If you intend to apply for a rebate, make sure you select an eligible model.
  5. Apply for an electrical permit through your municipality (or Technical Safety BC). This will be done for you if you hire an electrician.
  6. Install the electric vehicle charging station. Before concealing or connecting your electrical work to a power source, have a safety officer inspect it.
  7. Request that your municipality inspect the installation (or Technical Safety BC). If an electrician installed the system, they will do this for you.

What type of ev charger can you install at home?

home charger can be used to charge an electric car at home (a standard 3 pin plug with an Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) cable should only be used as a last resort).

How long it takes to charge fully?

Charging electric vehicles can be done at home or at public charging stations. Fully charging a car can take as little as 30 minutes or as much as half a day.

What is the unit of Electric Vehicle charging?

An average of 15 units of electricity are consumed per day to charge EVs.

How to install a level 2 charger at home?

  1. Level 2 home EV chargers, about the size of a shoe box, must be plugged into a 240-volt power supply in your home.
  2. In case the charger is exposed to the elements, a hardwired charging station connection is almost certainly required.
  3. Installing a heavy-duty outlet — similar to those used for dryers, but with a slightly higher power tolerance so it can support 240 volts — is a simpler option.
  4. Your charging station will include the plug. Also, you can purchase an electric outlet adapter that plugs into a dryer outlet.
  5. If you move in the future, you can unplug the charger and take it with you. The most common types of EV outlets are NEMA 14-50 or NEMA 6-50 plugs.

What is Tesla Supercharger?

Tesla Superchargers are direct current fast-charging stations designed by Tesla 480-volt  Inc. for electric vehicles. Since then, the network has expanded to more than 25,000 chargers worldwide, with nearly 20,000 in the United States, 6000 in Europe, and over 600 in the United Kingdom. Each location has a number of chargers, which in the UK currently range from four to twelve units, each of which can charge two cars. Each location has a number of chargers, which in the UK currently range from four to twelve units, each of which can charge two cars.

Which car can use it?

At the moment, the Supercharger network is only available to Tesla drivers. However on Nov 2021 The Non-Tesla Supercharger pilot is currently available to EV drivers in the countries: The Netherlands , Germany ,Belgium

Click to rate this post!
[Total: 0 Average: 0]

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *